Moles are a very common condition and should be monitored regularly for any sudden changes. If any moles cause concern, they should be checked by your doctor or dermatologist who may advise their removal. Most moles are harmless and don't have to be removed but non-cancerous moles can develop into malignant melanomas although the risk is small – about 1 case in 200 000. Some people want to have their moles removed for other reasons such as cosmetic or if they get in the way. There are several mole removal techniques available.
Moles can be removed by your doctor under local anaesthetic. The mole is cut out of the skin while the surrounding skin is sewn back together again. Once the skin is fully healed, there will be a straight scar in place of the mole. Any suspicious moles will be examined under a microscope by a pathologist. If found to be malignant, further treatment may be necessary.
Larger moles (they can measure up to 4 inches) which are quite rare (about 1 in every 20 000 births) may need to be excised in stages by taking a little more out each time until the entire nevus is removed. This is called “serial excision”. The raw area left behind is too big to be stitched up and must be covered. A split thickness skin graft is taken from another area of the body to cover the wound. The skin grafted area will have various degrees of scarring, appearing thinner and more fragile than normal skin. A thick keloid scar may appear.
Moles can be removed by laser treatment. The laser's light will target the mole's pigment so that it breaks up. The light will also burn away the top layers of the skin. You may need multiple sessions to completely remove the mole but this depends on its size. No anaesthesia is usually needed and patients report a slight tingling feeling. Scarring is less likely than it would be with a mole being cut out. There can be some redness but this usually disappears within 2 weeks. Laser treatment is not suitable for deep moles because the laser light does not penetrate deeply enough.
Moles can also be removed by cryotherapy where liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the mole before it is lanced away. A further cut might have to be made depending on how deep the mole has infiltrated the skin.
Another mole removal technique is cauterized excision mole removal. This procedure is carried out by a dermatologist who will first shave the mole off, using a razor-like instrument. The area is then cauterized, and the remains of the mole removed. A topical antibiotic is placed on the wound and covered with a bandage. Once the wound is completely healed, there will be a scar that is roughly the same size and shape as the mole was.
Be aware that some of these removal mole techniques will leave a scar which can be more noticeable on the face. All surgery leaves some degree of scarring. A natural product for mole symptoms will not leave any scarring. After treating the symptoms, keep the affected area out of the sun for some time because your skin will be much more vulnerable. Care for the area especially when on the face by keeping it clean and free from bacteria, make up and sweat.
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