Baby Cuts and Bruises
When you have young children in the home, scrapes and cuts are part of growing up and so it is a good idea to have few rescue tips on hand to help you through these times:
It is wise for your child to have a tetanus vaccination every 5 years.
If an accident occurs don’t panic, calm your child and assure him that you are going to help.
Wash your hands before starting any first aid treatment
Scrapes are generally minor and should be cleaned with soap and warm water ensuring that any dirt is rinsed away. If there is dirt or gravel stuck in the scrape which you cannot remove, check it out with your doctor. Otherwise twice a day wash with warm water and rinse away any debris and germs under the tap. Apply a diluted peroxide solution (half water, half peroxide) for two minutes. Then rinse away. Apply an antibiotic ointment.
Discourage your injured child from sucking cut fingers – unfortunately, saliva from his mouth can transmit germs.
Keep a red washcloth handy to use for mopping up blood from cuts and scraps. Children don’t notice the extent of any bleeding when it is soaked up on a red background. Wash any cut area well with soap and water. Remove any dirt particles and the let the water from the tap run over it for several minutes.
A bag of frozen peas from the freezer makes a very helpful ice pack.
An aloe plant growing on your window ledge is useful for applying to any minor scrapes and cuts – it will help sunburn and stings too.
A spoonful of sugar will help a minor cut in the mouth, tongue or gum.
Apply pressure with a clean cloth to a minor cut and the bleeding should stop after 10 minutes or so. If you worried about possible scarring, there is a gaping wound or one located close to the eye or if the bleeding continues or the injury is caused by an animal or human bite, then call your doctor.
If you need to apply ointment and a bandage, then put the ointment directly on to the bandage itself before placing it on your child’s injury. Do not apply antiseptic liquids such as iodine or alcohol as these tend to irritate the wound. You can always make your child smile again by at the same time putting a bandage on the identical area of a favorite doll or soft toy. Once a scab has formed, a bandage is generally not needed.
If your child has a splinter, sterilize tweezers in alcohol or hot soapy water before gently removing the foreign body. You can numb the skin first by holding an ice pack wrapped in a cloth for a few minutes against the splinter. For a shallow splinter, simply smooth a piece of tape over the area and pull it out. Serious splinters, especially made of glass or metal, need medical attention.
Most scrapes and cuts are minor injuries that can be treated at home. But if you are really concerned, then it is always wise to seek medical advice.