I was talking to a friend who told me about her young brother who works as a pilot for Air France. Not yet 40, he has already had skin cancer and he is facing up to the very real possibility that he can expect a shorter lifetime than average because of his career.
Many passengers may not realize the very real dangers to their health that airline pilots and crew face when they keep on flying across the world. If you are a frequent flyer, you could face similar dangers to your health.
What studies have found
In a study, scientists from Copenhagen's Institute of Cancer Epidemiology found a higher rate of myeloid leukemia and other cancers among some 3,700 pilots and crew members who had flown more than 5,000 hours. The Lancet published the same study putting the blame on an increased cancer risk from chromosome damage caused by excessive exposure to ionizing radiation. The type of cancer most often found is the dangerous acute myeloid leukemia. It has an average survival rate of 3 to 4 years after being diagnosed.
As in the case of my friend's brother, there is a higher risk of skin cancer, and malignant melanoma, among flight crews but particularly commercial airline pilots. Melanoma is rare but dangerous because it can metastasize and spread and it comes with a high mortality rate. Moles should be checked regularly
and a natural mole removal
can be used for any that are benign or just a general nuisance.
It is not just airline pilots who are at .risk but flight attendants have an increased chance of skin cancer too as well as breast cancer. They also appear to be more at risk of miscarriages if they become pregnant while working in the air.
But that is not all
- There is a very real health threat from oil that leaks into the air supply that comes from the engines. The oil contains a highly toxic chemical, tricresyl phosphate. It is called Aerotoxic Syndrome and you can find out more about it here.
- Most people have heard of deep vein thrombosis or DVT that can affect crew and passengers alike if they sit for too long without getting up to exercise.
- Frequent flying causes regular disruptions of the sensitive pituitary hypothalamic axis due to shifting time zones.
- Melatonin levels are also affected leading to sleep problems and the symptoms of jet lag.
- The breathing of recycled air (that may be contaminated with airborne infectious agents from passengers who are already sick) is a further health hazard.
- Hypoxia is when the brain does not receive sufficient oxygen because the partial pressure of the oxygen content is too low – there is not enough oxygen for the body to process. This condition can be very serious and even the early stages can affect the decision making skills of pilots.
- Dehydration can increase the risk of DVT while causing the body to react more slowly and increase fatigue. Cabin air, due to air conditioning, is often drier than normal air.
- Fatigue and/or stress have the tendency to increase each other. They can also affect decision making skills.
- Hypothermia is a simple condition where the body gets too cold but it should not be taken lightly as it can be a serious issue especially during emergencies.
So it is very obvious that frequent flying can be hazardous to your health
Apart from making healthy lifestyle choices and ensuring high levels of vitamin D, astaxanthin is thought to provide the best protection against gamma radiation-induced DNA damage as it can act as a potent internal and natural sunblock to protect your skin against sun damage and photo aging effects.
Regular amounts can be found in certain food items in a healthy and balanced diet but for high risk pilots, crew and frequent flyers, it is wise to add an astaxanthin supplement daily.