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What Are Hemorrhoids? Symptoms & Causes

Many people have hemroids but if they are the smallest of hemroids and they present no symptoms, they can go undetected for an entire lifetime. If you asked many of these people “what are hemorrhoids?” or “what causes hemroids?” they might not even know what you were talking about. However, others who have hemroids endure a painful condition and may even go on to suffer from bleeding hemroids which can be a frightening and embarrassing problem.

If you are suffering the pain and discomfort of hemroids, you are not alone as it is thought that some 50% of adults in the US will have this condition in their lifetime.

Internal vs. External Hemorrhoids

Hemroids come as internal hemroids (found inside the anus) or external (found under the skin surrounding the anus). It is the internal hemroids that often show no signs and symptoms except where there is the presence of blood in the stool or an internal hemroid may suddenly protrude through the anus outside the body. The blood may be the result of straining or irritation from a bowel movement which injures the delicate surface of the hemroid. The protruding of the internal hemroid may be caused by excessive straining.

External hemroids will often cause a painful swelling or a noticeable hard lump surrounding the anus. Blood may also be apparent and sometimes forms into a clot adding to the irritation and discomfort.

In the case of straightforward hemroids, you can treat the symptoms with some simple steps at home for hemorrhoids such as using H-Hemorrhoids .

  • Change your diet to a high bulk one where you include high fiber foods such as beans, broccoli, carrots, bran whole grains and fresh fruits.
  • Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water each day.
  • Ensure you have sufficient exercise such as a brisk 20 minute walk every day.
  • Try to train yourself to have a set time each day for a bowel movement and never put off the urge to go to the toilet.
  • Relieve the discomfort by soaking the area of the hemroids in a warm bowl of water several times per day.
  • Apply an ice pack to the area when you feel the need.
  • Keep the area clean by using soft moistened toilet paper or baby wipes. Both should be non-scented to avoid irritation. Never rub or scrub the area.
  • Use an over-the-counter homeopatic hemroid symptom treatment option.

If you follow the guidelines above, you should be able to treat the symptoms of your hemroid condition successfully.
However, should you be suffering from bleeding hemroids then these should be evaluated by your doctor and given prompt treatment before the condition becomes more serious. Never put off going to see your doctor because you are scared or embarrassed. He or she has seen such conditions many times before and they will advise you.

What causes Hemroids?

The main cause of hemroids is a blockage in the veins of the rectum. This condition develops because blood has accumulated in the veins of the rectal area due to blockage and after some period of time the pressure in the veins increases to the extent that the veins cannot resist. Constipation can be the cause of this blockage as well as the pressure of the fetus in pregnant women, hormonal changes in pregnant women and even the actual delivery of the unborn baby when straining and pushing takes place.

Some of the common causes of bleeding hemroids are:

  • Very weak rectal vein walls.
  • Serious and ongoing constipation.
  • Too much pressure on the rectal veins because of poor muscle tone or posture due to prolonged sitting and this includes sitting on the toilet itself.
  • Hypertension in the portal vein
  • The excessive consumption of alcohol and/or caffeine
  • Pregnancy when many pregnant women suffer from hemroids due to increased straining of bowel movements and hypertension

So now you know the answers to the questions “what are hemroids?” and “what causes hemroids?” you should start treatment straight away to avoid future problems such as bleeding hemroids.

If you do not treat your hemroid symptoms, you may well go on to suffer from bleeding hemroids which is a secondary and often more serious condition. You will then need treatment for the secondary condition as well as treatment for the main condition.

Go to our H-hemorrhoids page