While it is safer and more successful to treat hemorrhoids in their early stages, sometimes hemorrhoids become chronic or severe hemorrhoids - perhaps through neglect - and will then need extra careful treatment.
Hemorrhoids are cushions of tissue within the anal canal that contain blood vessels and their surrounding, supporting tissues consists of muscle and elastic fibers. As the stool is eliminated from the body, it passes through the last four centimeters of the anal canal. Hemorrhoids are always present but only cause problems when they become enlarged.
Chronic hemorrhoids can be either internal or external hemorrhoids. Although internal hemorrhoids are often not that noticeable, because they occur deep inside the rectum, they may sometimes stretch until they bulge outside the anus. Should they get to the stage where they have to be pushed back into the canal after a bowel movement or where they cannot even be pushed back, people become very concerned. These are regarded as severe hemorrhoids.
Laser surgery is an effective form of treatment for such chronic or severe hemorrhoids where all else has failed.
Providing a state of the art technque, laser surgery has the ability to vaporize the hemorrhoid and is more beneficial from conventional surgery for several reasons. A special, precise laser beam is used to burn away hemorrhoidal tissue. The laser beam will activate a chemical reaction to treat the affected vein. Its effectiveness can be seen and felt right after the treatment. The time for healing, pain and scarring is short and with this treatment you are assured that there will be no bleeding and little to no pain at all during the process. This is also better than using a scalpel to remove the hemorrhoids because with a scalpel, there can be times when it can cut extra surrounding tissue.
The success rate is good with less than one in two hundred patients having a recurrence of the symptoms of hemorrhoids provided they make good lifestyle choices at the same time.
Before embarking on laser surgery for the removal of your hemorrhoids, take sick leave for up to a week. If you are a smoker, try to quit as smoking will slow down the healing process. Eat plenty of fiber rich food beforehand.
Compared with conventional surgery, laser surgery means:
- A minimum of 3 to 5 days of down-time so a few days or up to 2 weeks at home recovering is necessary.
- The surrounding tissue is left unharmed.
- It significantly reduces potential bleeding, swelling, and scarring.
- Less expensive than regular surgery.
- Although the procedure is not generally considered to be painful, there can be some mild discomfort.
- The procedure takes approximately anything from 30 minutes up to an hour or two. Only one treatment is needed to eradicate the hemorrhoids.
It is important to keep up good lifestyle choices after the surgery in order to ensure hemorrhoids do not become a problem in the future.
- Changing to a high bulk diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables with added bran or other fiber.
- Drink plenty of water daily to help soften the stools.
- Always go to the toilet as soon as you feel the need, as putting off this action may cause bigger and harder stools to form.