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Treat This Painful Foot Condition Early & Avoid Future Complications


Family relaxing on the grass


Are you a former ballet dancer with years of dancing on points? This could be the cause of ingrowing toenails or it could the habit of running around barefoot, stubbing your toes or forever dropping objects on your feet. Suddenly, when you are in your late 30s to 40s, you could find you have this problem of ingrowing toenails.

There are no early warning signs

Onychocryptosis is the medical term for ingrowing toenails and genetics also plays a role. As one ages, your nail thickens and that is usually when the problem becomes apparent, especially if you happen to have curved nails.

The causes of ingrowing toenails

  • Trauma to the nail
  • Cutting toenails incorrectly
  • Tight shoes or hosiery
  • Abnormal shape of nail plate
  • Abnormal thickness of nail

Always remember...

  • To cut toenails straight across and leave them slightly longer to prevent an ingrowing toe nail
  • To avoid tight shoes
  • If discomfort occurs, try soaking the feet in slightly warm salt water for 10 minutes each day

Experts are divided in their opinion on both the cause and treatment of ingrowing toenails. Some doctors maintain that it is not the nail that is the problem but the overgrown toe skin as some people have an unusually wide area of tissue medial and lateral to the nail and that, with weight bearing, causes this tissue to bulge up around the nail.

Nails should always be well looked after as they can be prone to other conditions such as nail fungus.

Conventional treatment

A surgical procedure is often recommended but not only does the surgical procedure increase the relative amount of soft tissue, making the problem more likely to recur, but sometimes the attempts to remove some nail matrix lead to faulty regrowth of the nail. The procedure itself can be painful and tender plus you may very well end up with the supposed removed section of nail bed eventually growing a double nail on both sides – as well as rather odd-looking toes due to the too narrow nails. Be aware that chiropodists know this surgical procedure is just a temporary solution but nevertheless continue to suggest it.

What about an alternative treatment?

If it is early in the course of the ingrown toenail, you can treat the nail yourself at home:
  • Soak the foot in warm water four times a day. Do not add anything to the water.
  • Wash the foot, including the affected area, twice a day with soap and water. Keep the foot clean and dry during the rest of the day.
  • Do not wear high heels or tight-fitting shoes. Consider wearing sandals, if possible, until the condition clears up.
  • Try to lift up the corner of the nail that is digging into the skin. Take a small piece of cotton or gauze and roll it between your fingers to form a small roll or wick. Then place the roll between the nail and the skin to keep it elevated. This is painful but it is the most important part of your home treatment. After every soaking, try to push the roll a little further in. Change the roll every day. It may take from 7 to 15 days for the nail to grow out so that it does not poke into the skin any longer.
  • Take a mild pain reliever if it helps.
  • Once the nail has started to grow out, keep the nail thin. The thicker the nail, the more it curves, cutting into the flesh of the toe.
  • File the nail of the problem toe down every month or two or visit a podiatrist that does this with a handy little electric mini-sander. With a bit of luck, you can forget that ingrowing toenails were ever a problem.

If left untreated, an ingrown toenail can progress to an infection or even an abscess that requires surgical treatment. Osteomyelitis is a rare complication of an infected toe, in which the bone itself becomes infected.





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https://www.scpod.org/foot-health/common-foot-problems/athletes-foot/. (Accessed, 2 October 2021).

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https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/common-foot-problems(Accessed, 2 October 2021).

Feet facts. (2017)
https://www.scpod.org/contact-us/press/press-releases/feet-facts/(Accessed, 2 October 2021).

Haddad, S. L. (2016, February). Bunions
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00155(Accessed, 2 October 2021).